Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Specialist
One in six men in the United States develops prostate cancer, but most are cured. While prostate cancer is treatable, it’s a complicated journey between multiple doctors, treatment choices, and therapies to restore your urinary and sexual health. The team at Total Urology Care of New York counsels you through this challenging time, helping you navigate the right path from diagnosis through to recovery. Call the office or use online booking to schedule a prostate cancer consultation or screening today.

Prostate Cancer Q & A

Am I at risk for prostate cancer?

The top risk factors for prostate cancer are age, a family history of prostate cancer, and ethnicity. Prostate cancer occurs more often in African American and Caribbean men.

The best way to lower your chance of developing prostate cancer is to talk with your doctor at Total Urology Care of New York and schedule regular checkups based on their recommendation.

How is prostate cancer detected?

Prostate cancer is initially detected with the following two common tests:

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE): By gently using the lower rectum to feel nearby structures, your doctor can determine the size of your prostate and detect bumps, hard spots, or other abnormalities.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: This is a blood test that detects levels of a protein called prostate-specific antigen. Your levels of PSA increase when you have prostate cancer, so your doctor at Total Urology Care of New York can use the results to recommend whether you should get additional diagnostic testing.

When your DRE and PSA tests show signs of cancer, your doctor may perform a transrectal ultrasound. This test only takes about 10 minutes and uses ultrasound to produce an image of your prostate.

The next diagnostic step is a biopsy. Prostate biopsies are usually done using a narrow, hollow needle to remove a small sample of tissue. Then the tissue goes to the lab so the cells can be examined under a microscope to see if they’re cancerous.

What symptoms develop due to prostate cancer?

Around 85% of prostate cancers are found during DRE and PSA screening before symptoms appear. Prostate cancer seldom causes symptoms until the tumor grows large enough to affect the surrounding tissues.

When symptoms develop, you may experience urinary problems such as frequent urination, difficulty urinating, or weak urine flow. Prostate cancer can also cause erectile dysfunction (ED) or painful ejaculation. In advanced cases, you may notice lower back or thigh pain, or swelling in your legs.  

How is prostate cancer treated?

As unusual as it sounds, you may not need immediate treatment because most prostate cancers grow very slowly. You can choose to closely monitor your disease and get more frequent PSA tests to determine whether your cancer has become more aggressive and needs treatment.

When your initial diagnosis indicates that the tumor is large or your cancer is more aggressive, treatment usually consists of radiation or surgery. Today’s advanced procedures allow for robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery and radiation therapy that precisely targets the tumor while sparing the surrounding tissues.

If you’re concerned about prostate cancer, have questions about your current treatment, and recovery,  or are due for a screening, call Total Urology Care of New York or book an appointment online today.

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