The top risk factors for prostate cancer are age, a family history of prostate cancer, and ethnicity. Prostate cancer occurs more often in African American and Caribbean men.
The best way to lower your chance of developing prostate cancer is to talk with your doctor at Total Urology Care of New York and schedule regular checkups based on their recommendation.
Prostate cancer is initially detected with the following two common tests:
When your DRE and PSA tests show signs of cancer, your doctor may perform a transrectal ultrasound. This test only takes about 10 minutes and uses ultrasound to produce an image of your prostate.
The next diagnostic step is a biopsy. Prostate biopsies are usually done using a narrow, hollow needle to remove a small sample of tissue. Then the tissue goes to the lab so the cells can be examined under a microscope to see if they’re cancerous.
Around 85% of prostate cancers are found during DRE and PSA screening before symptoms appear. Prostate cancer seldom causes symptoms until the tumor grows large enough to affect the surrounding tissues.
When symptoms develop, you may experience urinary problems such as frequent urination, difficulty urinating, or weak urine flow. Prostate cancer can also cause erectile dysfunction (ED) or painful ejaculation. In advanced cases, you may notice lower back or thigh pain, or swelling in your legs.
As unusual as it sounds, you may not need immediate treatment because most prostate cancers grow very slowly. You can choose to closely monitor your disease and get more frequent PSA tests to determine whether your cancer has become more aggressive and needs treatment.
When your initial diagnosis indicates that the tumor is large or your cancer is more aggressive, treatment usually consists of radiation or surgery. Today’s advanced procedures allow for robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery and radiation therapy that precisely targets the tumor while sparing the surrounding tissues.
If you’re concerned about prostate cancer, have questions about your current treatment, and recovery, or are due for a screening, call Total Urology Care of New York or book an appointment online today.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!